2017-08-12 13:28:34  来源:网络整理 句型 短语 初中英语 孩子

1.put down 放下 shut down把…关上cut down砍掉come down下来、落下slow down减缓、放慢sit down坐下write down写下get down下来,降落

2.after all毕竟.终究after that于是.然后day after day日复一日地one after another相继.挨次soon after不久以后the day after tomorrow后天

3. come up with找到、提出catch up with赶上wake up弄醒、醒来send up发射open up开设、开办grow up长大pick up拾起、捡起hands up举手eat up吃光clean up打扫干净give up doing sth.=stop doing sth.放弃做某事

4.arrive at/in + n.到达get to +n.到达reach + n.到达arrive / get +adv.到达

5.get…back退还,送回去.取回give back归还come back回来at the back of在…的后面on the way (back)home在回家路上

6. at least至少at breakfast早餐时at desk在桌前at once立刻,马上at school在上学at the same time同时at work在工作be good at=do well in善长laugh at嘲笑not…at all一点也不at first起初at night在晚上at noon中午.at the age of // when sb. was…years old在…岁时at last / in the end / finally最后、终于.at the beginning of the twenty-first century在21世纪初,at the end of在…终点、结尾at the moment // now现在at the foot of在…脚下at Christmas在圣诞节at any moment任何时候at times(sometimes)有时,偶尔at the doctor’s在医务室be bad at不善长

7.for example例如for ever永远be good for对…有益be bad for对…有害for long=for a long time长期for short简称be short for是…的简称TV is short for “television”

8. come true实现come down下来come from=be from来自,出生于come in/into进入,进来come on赶快come over过来come along走吧,过来,快点,come and go来来去去come up上来come out出来,(花)开,(照片)冲洗出来

9.even though=even if即使、虽然、尽管

10. be pleased with对…感到满意be covered with被…覆盖be expected to do sth.被期望做某事be proud of以…自豪speak highly of称赞be afraid of害怕hear of听说(hear from sb.收到某人的来信)of cause=certainly当然可以plenty of= a lot of许多

11.by the way顺便说by oneself单独,独自by the end of到…为至by the time(引起时间状语从句)到…的时候one by one依次by air / plane乘飞机by bus / train / car乘公共汽车/火车/轿车(catch a bus赶公交车get on / off the bus上/下车take a bus to…=go to …by bus乘车去)

12.do / try one’s best尽力do one’s homework做家庭作业do (the/some) shopping购物do the cooking烹饪do some cleaning打扫do the / some washing洗衣服do sport做运动do with sb / sth.处理well done干得好(From:www.rr365.com)

13.early in the morning一大早in the early spring初春in my early days我幼年时期early bus早班车

14.make a contribution to贡献给、捐献make a telephone call to sb. // ring sb. up // give sb. a call // phone sb.给某人打电话connect…to…把…与…连接起来be close to靠近(某地) give birth to生(孩子) lose to sb输给sb .

15.either…or…或者…或者..on either side of the street街道任何一边(on each side of the street街道每一边on both sides of the street街道两边)

16.keep doing sth.不停地做某事(表示状态继续)keep on doing sth.坚持做某事(表示动作反复进行)practice doing sth.练习做某事enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事finish doing sth.做完某事go on doing sth.继续做某事(同一件事)


17.go on to do sth.接着做某事(另一事) go straight along沿着…一直往前走, go down下降, go for a walk散步, go over复习, go shopping买东西, go to the cinema去看电影, go well进展顺利, go off to动身前往, go out外出 , go to work去上班, go up上升, want a go想试一试

18. think about考虑 (think of认为、想起、考虑、想到 think over仔细考虑 think out想出)talk about谈论, worry about担心, How / What about…?…怎么样?

19.borrow…from …从…借….(lend…to…把…借给…)from door to door挨家挨户 , from time to time时时, from now on从今以后 , from then on从那以后, be different from与…不同 , learn…from…向…学习

20.get dressed穿衣 , get into进入, get / be lost丢失, get off / on下/上车 , get on well with sb.与某人相处得好, get out of从…出来 , get ready for +n.为…做准备, get ready to do sth.准备做某事, get / go to sleep (fall asleep)入睡 , (be asleep睡着) get warm变暧 , get well康复, get a chance有机会、得到机会

21. look for寻找 , wait for等候 , look after=take care of照看, look like看起来像 , look over检查,复习 , look out小心,从里向外看 , look the same看起来一样, look up向上看,查单词 , look around环视look forward to期望 , look through温习,检查

22. set off出发、动身, put off推迟 , keep off避开、不靠近… drop off放下(某物),turn off关 , jump off跳离 , take off脱(衣),(飞机)起飞 (From:www.rr365.com)

23. half a kilo半千克 , half an hour半小时 , in half分成两半, half of the day半天

24. do eye exercises做眼保健操 , do morning exercises做早操take (more) exercise (多)参加体育锻炼 , an exercise book练习本

25. take part in参加 , hand in上交 , in hospital住院 , in surprise吃惊地 , in the sun在阳光下 , in trouble处于困境, in a minute / moment马上

26. leave for…动身去某地

27 feed on以…为主食 , live on继续活着 , base on以…为根据 , carry on坚持、继续下去 , and so on等等 , on the other hand另一方面 , on foot步行 28.be famous for以..著名 , be excited about +n./V-ing对…感到兴奋 , be interested in对…感兴趣 , be born出生 , be busy with sth.— be busy doing sth.忙于…be amazed at对..感到惊讶

29.move away移开 , move to(搬)移到

30.search the Internet上网

31.make sure确信 , make a dialogue编对话 , make a mistake犯错误 (by mistake由于疏忽) make a noise吵闹 , make faces做鬼脸 , make friends (with)和..交朋友 , make room for给..让地方, make tea沏茶, make money赚钱, make a decision作出决定

32.used to do sth过去常常做某事, be used to doing sth.习惯于做某事

33. leave sth+介词短语 “把……忘记在某处”

34.forget to do sth.忘记做某事 , encourage sb. to do sth.鼓励某人做某事 , decide to do sth.决定做某事 , allow sb. to do sth.允许某人做某事

35.hear sb. to do (doing)sth.听见某人做某事

36.help sb. (to) do sth .//help sb. with sth.帮助某人做某事 , with one’s help在某人的帮助下 , with pleasure乐意

37.the summer holiday(s)暑假 the winter holiday(s)寒假

38.step into走进 , pour into倒入…

39.in the first第一 , for the first time第一次, at first起初 , a firs t language母语 , first of all首先

40.leave a message for sb.给某人留条, give / take sb. a message给某人捎口信

41. take photos / pictures照像 , take away拿走 , take out取出 (work out算出) take care当心 , take medicine服药 take one’s temperature量体温, take one’s time别着急 , take a walk散步 , take place发生

42. learn by oneself / teach oneself自学 , learn by heart背熟

43. a year and a half (one and a half years )一年半

44.have a try尝试,努力 , try out尝试、试验 , find out / about找出,查明, have a good / wonderful / great / time玩得开心, have a (bad) cold(重)感冒 , have a meeting / walk / watch开会/散步/比赛 , have sports进行体育活动 , have nothing / sth. to do with与..无(有)关 , have no idea不知道 , have (one’s) medicine服药

45. offer sb sth.给某人提供某物

46.win first prize获一等奖

47.all over the world= around the world =throughout the world全世界

48. all kinds of各种各样的

49. neither… nor既不…也不….

50. not only … but also …不但…而且 , both… and ……和…都

51. the more , the better越多越好

52. all one’s life一生

53. as soon as一…就… as soon as possible尽可能早地、尽快as well = too也, as much as至多, as little as至少 , regard …as把…当作… , as if好像

54. no matter无论…

55 ever since从那以后,此后一直

56.so far到目前为止 , or so大约

57. another two hours (=two more hours )又(再) 2个小时

58. three times a week一周三次

59. the number of…的数量 a (large / good) number of / large numbers of / many许多

60.less than少于 , less and less越来越少

61.…is another way of saying…什么是..的另一说法 Quick is another way of saying fast. Bike is short for bicycle.

62. not…until…直到…才…

63.be like像 , feel like +n./V-ing想要 , like best最喜欢 , would like to想要

64.the 24 hour clock 24小时制

65.wash away冲走,run away逃跑 , take away带走

66.before long不久 , long before / ago很久以前 , for long =for a long time长期, no longer = not. .any longer不再

67.more or less = about或多或少,大约more than = over多于,超过

68.every year每年 , every four years每隔四年 , every other day每隔一天 , everyday English / life日常英语/生活

69. next to紧挨着, next door隔壁,邻居 , next year明年 , next time下次

70.receive / get / have a letter from sb. = hear from sb收到某人的来信

71.on show = on display展览

72.be filled with / be full of充满…

73. thank to =because of由于

74.some day =one day(将来)某一天 , all day终日, day and night日日夜夜 , in a day or two一两天内 in the old days从前,旧社会, from day to day (day after day)日复一日 , the day before yesterday前天 , the day after tomorrow后天, Tree Planting Day植树节 , Women’s Day妇女节

75. keep / stop / prevent… (from) doing sth.防止(阻止)…做某事 , stop to do sth.停下来去做某事 , stop doing sth.停止做某事

76.nice and +adj. = very +adj.很,非常

77. a place (places) of interest名胜

78.three quarters of the information on the Internet因特网上四分之三的信息 , two thirds of the books三分之二的书

79. credit card信用卡

80. the increasing population增长着的人口

81 a path of travel旅行路线

82 . point at / to指向

83. by sea = by ship乘船 , by the sea = on the sea在海边, at sea在海上

84. set one’s mind to do sth.一心想做某事

85 .multiply…by…乘以…

86. See you!再见 You see.你知道,你明白,你瞧 , Let me see.让我想想, see sb. off给某人送行 , see a / the doctor看病, see sb . do / doing sth.看见某人做某事

87 some…others一些(人,物)…其他(人,物) one…another一个..另一个(三者或以上 ) one…the other一个…另一个(总数二个)

88. be worn out穿旧,磨坏 , check out核实,检查 , write out写出 , take sth. out of从…拿出/取出某物

89. in this way用这种方法 , in a few year’s time几年以后 , in space在太空 , in and out of class在课内课外 , in the last fifteen minutes在最后十五分钟里 , in the second half在下半场 , later in one’s life在某人后半身 , in the air在空中 , in the open air在户外

90.give sb. an injection给某人打针 , get an injection打针

91.have been to去过某地 , have gone to到某地去了

92.here + be+名词+ for+某人 ( Here is a letter for you.这儿有你的一封信.)

93.be far behind +某人 (He is far behind others.他落后于别人)

94. one of + adj.最高级+复数名词

95. take +某物+with +某人 (You’d better take an umbrella with you.你最好带上雨伞)

96. prefer to= like…better than宁愿,更喜欢prefer + V-ing (to do sth.) ( I prefer doing (to do) it myself .我喜欢自己做那件事). Would / should等情态动词 + prefer +不定式. (I would prefer to do it myself.我宁愿自己做那件事) , prefer +名词(v-ing) + to+名词 (v-ing) (I prefer learning English to playing football.我愿意学英语而不愿踢足球) ; prefer +不定式(名词)+ rather than +不带to的不定式, (I prefer to walk there rather than go by bus.我喜欢走着去那里,而不愿乘车) , prefer +名词(代词) to do sth. (We prefer her not to come.我们宁愿她不来)

97.人+ spend +time (money) +(in) doing sth. (I spent over two hours (in) finishing my homework.我花了两个多小时完成家庭作业.) ,人 + spend + time (money) + on +名词, (He spent 1,000 on the TV set .他花了一千元买电视机).人 + pay + money +for +sth. ( He paid ten Yuan for the book .他花了10元钱买那本书.) It + takes (will take, / took…) + sb. + time (money) + to do sth. (It’ll take you only ten minutes to get there by bus.乘车去那里只花你10分钟).物+ cost + (sb.) + money, (The dictionary cost me 20 Yuan .我花20元钱买了那本词典)

98. do with + sb. / sth. (What have you done with the pork ?那些肉你怎么处理了?)

99. mind + if从句, (Do you mind if I open the window?我开窗你不反对吧?) mind + V-ing, (Would you mind turning on the TV?打开电视你不反对吧?)

100. what…for? / why…? (What do you learn English for? = Why do you learn English?)

101. need +名词 (v-ing), (The students need some help.学生们需要帮助.This pair of shoes needs mending.这双鞋需要修理)

102. “be used for+名词(v-ing),”被用来做.. (A writing brush is used for writing.) “be used as+名词”,被作为…使用 (English is used as the first language in none of these countries. ) “be used by+动作执行者”,被…使用,

103.be made of由…制造(This table is made of wood .这张课桌是木制的) be made from由…制成 (This kind of paper is made from wood .这种纸是用木材制成的) be made in+地点, “某地制造”(These cars are made in Germany) be made by+人, “由谁制造的” (This kite is made by Kate . )

104. more developed countries发达国家, less developed countries不发达国家, developing countries发展中国家

105.be worth + money (V-ing),值…钱.值得做…This car is worth more than two million Yuan in China. This book is well worth reading.这本书很值得一读.

106. the Summer Palace颐和园 , Tian'anmen Square天安门广场 , the Palace Museum故宫 , the Great Hall of the People人民大会堂 , the Temple of Heaven天坛 , the Great Green Wall绿色长城 , PLA中国人民解放军 , PRC中华人民共和国, the Party中国共产党 , the League共青团 , Peking Opera京剧

107 a digital camera数字照相机 , a doctor for animals = an animal doctor动物医生

108. so +形/副+that从句, (The place is so cold that nothing can grow in winter .这地方太冷,冬天什么都不长) so + many / few+复数名词 +that从句 (He has so many books that I don’t know which one to borrow.他有那么多书,我不知道借哪一本) so + much / little+不可数名词+that从句 (She has so little money that she can’t buy anything .她钱太少,什么也买不到.) so+形容词 +a / an +单数名词 +that从句 (This is so good a book that all of us like reading it ) , such +a / an+形容词+单数名词+ that从句 (This is such an interesting story that all of us like it) , such +形容词+复数名词+that从句. such +形容词+不可数名词+that从句 (It is such fine weather today that many children are playing outside)

109 .tell sb about sth.告诉某人关于某事 , tell sb+从句, tell sb. to do sth.让某人做某事 , tell a lie说谎 , tell a story讲故事 , thank you for +n ./V-ing谢谢你… too + adj. / adv. + to + v.太…而不能, too much(修饰名词)太多,过分 , much too(修饰adj./adv.)太

110. hope / wish+不定式(或从句), wish sb. to do sth. What do you mean by…?= What does… mean?…是什么意思?



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